Identity and Variety of the Family. The Phenomenon of Pluralization, 2001
The Seventh Report faces radical and in the same time fascinating challenges for the contemporary Italian family, the so called “pluralistic family forms”.
It is a complex phenomenon, characterized by three principal trends: the fragmentation of the nuclear family, the claim of new subjective rights of the individuals in the family, the claim of new rights on behalf of individuals who live in “other” social relations which are “family” only by analogy or metaphor.
All these forms deserve attention, but it is necessary to distinguish the nature and the type of protection and treatment that society should reserve to them. The pluralisation, in fact, can be a source of more humanization of the person or direct towards a further deterioration of social life.
The Report proposes to distinguish the family from other forms of community life that emerge nowadays as life style, partly transitory towards family, partly alternatives of family, on base of specific qualities of what signifies “being a family” respect to other types of unions, agreements or private pacts.
Family pluralism can not be indistinct and chaotic, but has to be “qualified” from the cultural point of view as well as from the juridical, social and political one.
The different types of cohabitation have to be distinguished considering if they want to assume commitments similar to the family characteristics or if they choose to configure as primary relations which can have a certain sociality, but are motivated by needs that are different from those who characterize the family.
The Italian family “pluralises”.Reality, meanings, distinguishing criteria
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